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Totiano

Russia, Una Nuova Grande Potenza Sul Mare?

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defencetalk al link https://www.defencetalk.com/russian-navy-to-receive-50-new-vessels-63353/ riporta una dichiarazione del CinC della Marina Russa, dichiarazione che è nel titolo stesso dell'articolo ma che comporta tutta una serie di azioni discendenti che possono anche influire (e sono sicuro influiranno) sull'andamento della politica mondiale. Il cospicuo rinnovamento della flotta russa significa soldi per la ricerca (con vantaggi anche per il civile), nuove modalità di addestramento, nuove dottrine e, infine ma non ultimo, uno strumento credibile sui mari del mondo. Se ne saranno capaci ciò è davvero preoccupante...

 

 

 

Russian Navy to Receive 50 New Vessels

The Russian Navy will receive 50 vessels of different kinds in 2015, Navy Commander Viktor Chirkov reported.
The Navy’s shipbuilding program has been planned from the current period until 2050. The navy intends to continue building ships capable of carrying out missions across all sea types.
“The slow period in our potential development passed long ago. The evidence of this – a really functioning shipbuilding program, stipulates the building of necessary next generation naval multifunctional surface ships, strategic and multi-purpose nuclear-powered submarines,” reported Viktor Chirkov.
The Navy is continually developing their ocean strategy, aimed at protecting government interests and its economic activity in deferent regions of the world.
“The Navy is able to meet the requirements, with surface ships and nuclear-powered submarines, to accomplish a range of tasks for the purpose from different remote basing points,” said Chirkov.
According to the Commander, the building of new vessels and submarines will be inseparably linked with warships deployment, as well as crew training. The shipbuilding program stipulates first the development of a nuclear submarine fleet, upgrading missiles and nuclear weapons and producing submarine nuclear-missile systems for strategic purposes.
Moreover, maritime aviation development is a high priorities: equipping the fleet with ship deployed aviation and new reconnaissance capabilities and targeting tools; developing anti-ship weapons and adapting electronic systems for controlled automation.
penso possa essere interssante googleare anche il nuovo comandante in capo della "flotta rossa"

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A quanto sopra si aggiunge anche questa interessante valutazione, sempre su defencetalk al link https://www.defencetalk.com/russia-grows-maritime-potential-returns-to-global-geopolitics-63497/

 

Forse anche i recenti accordi con Cuba per far cadere l'embargo hanno contribuito ( o magari è il contrario)

 


Russia Grows Maritime Potential, Returns to Global Geopolitics

 

Russia returns to global politics, signaling of intention to regain its geopolitical positions as a naval power.

Ekaterina Blinova – Russia is growing its maritime potential, signaling its intention to regain geopolitical power as a naval force, according to experts.

In the midst of withstanding NATO expansion in Eastern Europe and closely observing its national interests in the Middle East, Russia is also strengthening its military presence off its eastern coasts – in the Pacific region – where the geopolitical interests of Moscow and Beijing are overlapping.

Experts point out that for Russia and China the American pivot to East Asia and the Asia-Pacific poses a serious challenge. At the same time both Moscow and Beijing are in territorial disputes with Tokyo; with the balance of power in the Korean peninsula also viewed by the two global players as a guarantee for stability in the region.

So far, Moscow has been upgrading and modernizing its Pacific Fleet units, and holding joint naval drills with China on a regular basis for the last five years. Additionally, Russia’s Pacific Fleet is participating in multi-national anti-piracy operations off Northeast Africa’s coasts and expanding its Arctic missions.

Military analysts point out that over the last two years the Pacific Fleet has obtained new Borei-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) and Dyugon-class landing craft; Russia’s second-biggest fleet will also receive the multipurpose Steregushchy-class corvettes and Yasen-class multipurpose attack nuclear submarines (SSGN) as a part of 20-year naval re-armament program.

It is also worth mentioning that Russia expects eight Borei-class vessels to enter service by 2020, while the missile-carrying nuclear submarines “Vladimir Monomakh” and “Alexander Nevskiy” will join Russia’s Navy Force in the Far East this year.

Each Borei-class submarine can carry up to 16 Bulava ballistic missiles (SLBM) which are reportedly capable of overcomng US missile defense systems, making the Pacific Fleet an effective military “shield” of Russia in the Far East and bolstering its retaliatory capacity.

Meanwhile, in 2014 Russia’s Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu announced of an ambitious plan to expand Russia’s naval presence overseas, setting up access rights for Russia to foreign ports.

Remarkably, during his last visit to Latin America in February 2015, Sergei Shoigu signed a number of important deals strengthening military collaboration between Russia and Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua, including agreements, allowing Russian warships to enter the countries’ ports.

According to experts, Russia’s naval visits to overseas havens have increased substantially over the last three years, including ports of Vietnam, the Seychelles and Singapore.

Russia’s gradual naval expansion demonstrates the country’s intention to regain its global position as an influential naval power, experts noted, marking Russia’s return to classic geopolitics backed up by strong military fleet.

Edited by Totiano

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La crescente corsa agli armamenti nel far east (Giappone, Cina, India sopra tutti) sicuramente è una delle cause del riarmo russo.

 

Tra le navi previste per il 2015:

-2 nuovi SSBN classe Borei (seconda e terza unità)

-5 nuove navi di superficie (non ho trovato dettagli)

-10 pattugliatori

-2 portaelicotteri Mistral (dalla Francia, bloccate almeno fino a questo prossimo Agosto)

 

 

Al momento la Russia dispone di circa 270 natanti a registro, ma più della metà non sono effettivamente operativi. (http://nextbigfuture.com/2015/01/russian-navy-can-only-deploy-45-of-its.html). A titolo di informazione, la portaerei Kuznetsov ha 25 anni, ed è l'ammiraglia della flotta. Non è possibile rimpiazzarla a breve anche per motivi logistici: i cantieri sovietici che l'hanno costruita sono fuori dalla Crimea, e non sono stati occupati dalle forze russe, rimanendo in mano Ucraina.

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